How to Choose a Piano or Keyboard for Beginners

When it comes to learning to play the piano or keyboard, choosing the right instrument is crucial for beginners. With numerous options available in the market, it can be overwhelming to make the right choice. This ultimate guide will provide you with essential information and expert recommendations to help you select the perfect piano or keyboard that suits your needs and preferences.

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Table of Contents

Understanding the Different Types of Pianos and Keyboards

Exploring Acoustic Pianos

Acoustic pianos are known for their rich sound and authentic playing experience. Here are the different types of acoustic pianos to consider:

  1. Grand Pianos: Grand pianos are the epitome of elegance and sophistication. They are available in various sizes, ranging from baby grands (under 5 feet) to concert grands (over 9 feet). Grand pianos produce a full-bodied and resonant sound due to their larger soundboard and longer strings.
  2. Upright Pianos: Upright pianos, also known as vertical pianos, are a popular choice for homes and practice spaces with limited space. They have a vertical frame and strings, which result in a compact design. Upright pianos offer a range of sizes, from spinets (shortest) to studio and console pianos (taller models). Despite their smaller size, upright pianos can still produce excellent sound quality.
  3. Baby Grand Pianos: Baby grand pianos strike a balance between grand and upright pianos in terms of size and sound. They are smaller than traditional grand pianos but larger than upright pianos, typically ranging from 5 to 6 feet in length. Baby grands offer a warm and expressive sound while fitting well in various living spaces.

Discovering Digital Keyboards

Digital keyboards provide versatility, portability, and modern features. Here are the different types of digital keyboards available:

  1. Portable Keyboards: Portable keyboards are lightweight and compact, making them ideal for beginners and musicians on the go. They often come with built-in speakers, a variety of instrument sounds, rhythm accompaniments, and learning functions. Portable keyboards are affordable and suitable for beginners who want to explore different sounds and styles.
  2. Digital Pianos: Digital pianos aim to replicate the touch and sound of an acoustic piano while offering modern features. They typically feature weighted keys with graded hammer action, simulating the feel of an acoustic piano. Digital pianos provide a wide range of sounds, recording capabilities, and connectivity options. They are suitable for beginners who prioritize piano-like playing experience and a diverse range of instrument sounds.
  3. Stage Pianos: Stage pianos are designed for professional performers and musicians who require advanced features and portability. They often feature a lightweight build, high-quality sounds, extensive connectivity options, and robust performance capabilities. Stage pianos are suitable for both stage performances and studio recordings.

Consider your preferences, budget, available space, and musical goals when deciding between acoustic pianos and digital keyboards. Both options have their unique qualities and advantages, allowing beginners to find the instrument that best suits their needs.

How to Choose a Piano Keyboard
How to Choose a Piano or Keyboard

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Piano or Keyboard

1. Budget and Affordability

Setting a Realistic Budget

When choosing a piano or keyboard, it’s important to set a budget that aligns with your financial capabilities. Determine how much you are willing to spend on your instrument, keeping in mind that pianos can vary widely in price.

Balancing Quality and Cost

While budget is a significant factor, it’s crucial to strike a balance between quality and cost. Avoid compromising on essential features and durability for a lower price. Consider investing in a reputable brand known for producing reliable instruments within your budget range.

2. Size and Portability

Considering Available Space

Evaluate the space where you plan to keep your piano or keyboard. Measure the dimensions and consider the instrument’s size and shape to ensure it fits comfortably in your chosen location.

Evaluating Portability Options

If you require a portable instrument that can be moved easily, consider keyboards or digital pianos that are designed for mobility. Look for lightweight models with built-in carrying handles or cases.

3. Keyboard Types and Action

Weighted Keys vs. Non-Weighted Keys

Weighted keys emulate the feel of an acoustic piano, providing resistance and responsiveness. Non-weighted keys are lighter and more suitable for beginners or those focusing on synthesizer-style playing. Consider your playing style and preference when choosing between the two.

Understanding Action and Responsiveness

Keyboard action refers to how the keys respond to touch. Test different instruments to find an action that suits your playing technique. Some pianos offer graded hammer action, which replicates the feel of hammers on strings, providing a more realistic experience.

4. Sound Quality and Tone

Evaluating Sound Sampling Technology

Digital pianos and keyboards use sound sampling technology to reproduce the sounds of various instruments, including acoustic pianos. Evaluate the quality and authenticity of the sampled sounds by listening to different models and considering the level of realism they offer.

Exploring Sound Options and Customization

Look for instruments that offer a range of sound options and customization features. This allows you to experiment with different instrument sounds, such as electric pianos, organs, strings, and more. The ability to adjust settings like reverb and effects enhances your playing experience.

5. Additional Features and Connectivity Options

Examining Built-in Features

Consider the built-in features that can enhance your playing and learning experience. These may include metronomes, recording capabilities, built-in lessons, dual or split keyboard modes, and accompaniment styles. Choose the features that align with your goals and preferences.

Connectivity for Audio and MIDI

Check for connectivity options such as audio outputs, headphone jacks, USB ports, and MIDI compatibility. These allow you to connect your instrument to external devices, computers, or recording equipment, expanding your possibilities for recording, performing, and using educational software.

By considering budget, size, keyboard types, sound quality, and additional features, you can make an informed decision when choosing a piano or keyboard that meets your needs, preferences, and musical aspirations.

Researching and Trying Out Instruments

Gathering Information from Various Sources

Before making a final decision, gather information from various sources to gain a comprehensive understanding of different piano or keyboard models. Explore online resources, read reviews, and browse manufacturer websites to learn about the features, specifications, and user experiences of different instruments.

Visiting Local Music Stores

Visit local music stores that specialize in pianos and keyboards. This gives you an opportunity to see and try out different models in person. Take your time to play the instruments, assess their sound quality, test the keyboard action, and get a feel for their overall build and design.

Attending Music Exhibitions and Conventions

Music exhibitions and conventions provide a valuable opportunity to explore a wide range of piano and keyboard options under one roof. Attend these events to see and try out instruments from various manufacturers, interact with industry experts, and gain insights into the latest trends and technologies in the musical instrument market.

By gathering information, visiting local music stores, and attending music exhibitions and conventions, you can gather firsthand experiences, compare different instruments, and make a more informed decision when selecting your piano or keyboard. Remember to take note of the instruments you try and consider how they align with your preferences, playing style, and musical goals.

Seeking Expert Advice and Recommendations

Consulting with Music Teachers

Music teachers, especially those specializing in piano or keyboard instruction, can offer valuable insights and recommendations. They have experience working with various instruments and can provide guidance based on your skill level, learning goals, and musical style. Seek their advice on suitable brands, models, and features that align with your needs.

Reaching Out to Professional Pianists

Reach out to professional pianists or musicians who have extensive experience in playing and performing on different instruments. They can share their firsthand experiences and offer recommendations based on their expertise. Professional pianists can provide valuable insights into the nuances of different piano or keyboard models and how they perform in real-world scenarios.

Online Communities and Forums

Participating in online communities and forums dedicated to pianos and keyboards allows you to connect with fellow musicians, enthusiasts, and experts. These platforms provide a space for asking questions, sharing experiences, and seeking recommendations. Engage in discussions, ask for advice, and benefit from the collective knowledge and experiences of the community.

By seeking expert advice and recommendations, whether through music teachers, professional pianists, or online communities, you can tap into the expertise of those who have extensive knowledge and experience in the field. Their insights can help you make a more informed decision and choose the piano or keyboard that best suits your needs and aspirations.

Understanding the Importance of Maintenance and Upkeep

Maintaining your piano or keyboard is crucial to ensure its longevity, optimal performance, and enjoyment. Here are key aspects to consider:

Regular Cleaning and Dusting

Regularly clean and dust your instrument to prevent the accumulation of dirt, dust, and debris. Use a soft cloth or microfiber cloth to gently wipe the keys, body, and surfaces. Avoid using harsh chemicals and cleaners that may damage the finish or keys. Additionally, keep liquids away from the instrument to prevent spills and potential damage.

Proper Storage and Climate Control

Proper storage is essential to protect your piano or keyboard from environmental factors. Avoid placing the instrument near windows, vents, or areas with excessive heat, direct sunlight, or moisture. Fluctuations in temperature and humidity can negatively impact the instrument’s components, such as the wooden structure and electronic circuitry. Consider using a piano cover or keyboard case when the instrument is not in use to shield it from dust and potential accidents.

Tuning and Maintenance Services

Regular tuning by a professional piano tuner is crucial to maintain accurate pitch and tonal quality. Due to changes in humidity and usage, pianos can go out of tune over time. Schedule regular tuning sessions to ensure your instrument sounds its best. Additionally, consider periodic maintenance services to address any mechanical or technical issues. A qualified technician can inspect and repair the internal components, such as the action, pedals, and electronics, ensuring optimal performance.

By prioritizing maintenance and upkeep, you can prolong the lifespan of your piano or keyboard and ensure it consistently delivers its best performance. Regular cleaning, proper storage, tuning, and maintenance services are vital practices that contribute to the longevity and quality of your instrument.

Tips for Making the Final Decision

When it comes to choosing a piano or keyboard, making the final decision can be challenging. Here are some tips to help you navigate the selection process:

Testing Multiple Instruments

Take the time to test and play multiple instruments before making your decision. Visit music stores, attend demonstrations, or arrange trial periods. Play different models and brands to experience their sound, touch, and overall feel. This hands-on approach allows you to compare and identify the instrument that resonates with you and matches your playing style.

Considering Long-Term Goals

Consider your long-term goals and aspirations as a musician. Are you a beginner looking to develop your skills, or do you have ambitions to perform professionally? Assess how well the instrument aligns with your future plans. Look for a piano or keyboard that can accommodate your growth and learning journey, offering features and capabilities that will continue to inspire and challenge you as you progress.

Trusting Your Instincts

Ultimately, trust your instincts and follow your intuition. Pay attention to how you connect with an instrument on a personal and emotional level. Does it inspire you to play and create music? Do you feel comfortable and confident while playing it? Choosing an instrument is a personal decision, and it’s essential to select one that resonates with you and evokes a sense of joy and inspiration.

By testing multiple instruments, considering your long-term goals, and trusting your instincts, you can make a well-informed decision that aligns with your musical journey and brings you joy and satisfaction for years to come. Remember, the perfect piano or keyboard is the one that speaks to your heart and inspires your musical expression.


Choosing a piano or keyboard as a beginner is an exciting step on your musical journey. By understanding the different types, considering crucial factors, researching, seeking expert advice, and maintaining your instrument, you can make an informed decision. Remember, the perfect piano or keyboard is the one that resonates with you and inspires your musical aspirations.


What factors should I consider when choosing a piano or keyboard as a beginner?

Choosing the right piano or keyboard involves considering several factors, including:

  • Budget: Determine your budget range to narrow down your options.
  • Purpose: Identify if you’re learning casually or pursuing a serious musical career.
  • Space: Assess the available space in your home or practice area.
  • Type of instrument: Decide between acoustic pianos or digital keyboards based on your preferences.
  • Keyboard action: Consider the key weight and responsiveness.
  • Sound quality: Evaluate the tone and sound sampling technology.
  • Features: Look for additional features like built-in lessons, recording capabilities, or connectivity options.
  • Maintenance: Consider the maintenance requirements and associated costs.

What are the different types of pianos and keyboards available?

There are various types of pianos and keyboards to choose from, including:

  • Acoustic Pianos: These include grand pianos, upright pianos, and baby grand pianos.
  • Digital Keyboards: This category comprises portable keyboards, digital pianos, and stage pianos.

How much should I budget for a beginner piano or keyboard?

The budget for a beginner piano or keyboard can vary depending on several factors. Generally, a reasonable budget for beginners falls between $300 to $1000 for digital keyboards and $3000 to $10,000 for acoustic pianos. However, it’s important to balance your budget with the quality and features you desire.

What size and portability options are suitable for beginners?

For beginners, the size and portability of an instrument are crucial considerations. If space is limited, smaller options like portable keyboards or digital pianos are more suitable. They are compact and easy to move. However, if you have ample space and are passionate about acoustic sound, an upright piano or baby grand piano could be the right choice.

What is keyboard action, and why is it important?

Keyboard action refers to the mechanism of how the keys respond when pressed. It determines the touch and feel of the instrument. Weighted keys, commonly found in higher-end keyboards and acoustic pianos, mimic the feel of an acoustic piano by providing resistance when pressing the keys. It’s important for beginners to choose an instrument with proper keyboard action to develop finger strength, technique, and dynamics, enabling a smoother transition to different pianos in the future.

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